Briefly on minorities in the territory of the Gradiska Municipality
INFORMATION ON THE SITUATION AND POZITION OF NATIONAL MINORITIES ON THE TERRITORY OF THE MUNICIPALITY OF GRADIŠKA
The population structure of the Municipality of Gradiška, in addition to three constituent nations, consists of members of national minorities as well. Together with members of Roma national minority, which is the most numerous, certain number of Montenegrins, Poles, Ukrainians, Germans and other nationalities live in the Municipality of Gradiška.
The Municipality does not have reliable data on the number of population belonging to the national minorities and the exact information which national minorities are present on the territory of the municipality. The reliable information on this matter cannot be provided without the census results, which would decisively cover this issue as well. The available information from the 1991 census cannot serve as a strong basis for a potential estimate. According to the 1991 census, which covered 60,062 inhabitants, 3,245 individuals declared themselves as Yugoslavs and 1,518 as others. Taking into consideration the fact that a part of population belonging to three constituent nations and national minorities declared themselves as Yugoslavs at the time, it is impossible to define the population number which belonged to national minorities from the last census.
In the period after 1991 and up to present day large migrations of population caused by the war and post-war circumstances happened, which is the reason why it would be illusory to provide any estimates on the number of population belonging to different national minorities. The results of the 2013 census haven’t been published yet.
The work of the municipal administration ensures equal rights for all citizens and there is no difference in the realization of those rights regardless of nationality or religion. Apart from the members of Roma national minority, who often tend to highlight their ethnicity, the Municipality does not face requests from different parties who highlight their ethnicity and use it to affect their requests, but exercise their rights in accordance with the legal regulations which presents the evidence that most of the members of national minorities have blended into the social community where they live.
Public Institution Social Work Centre of Gradiška, while conducting regular activities from its jurisdiction, offers services to all inhabitants of the municipality both for the members of constituent nations and for the members of national minorities. The insight in user records shows that a certain number of national minorities is also present. Most of them are members of Roma national minority as the most numerous national minority on the territory of the Municipality of Gradiška.
In the period between 26 November 2009 and 29 December 2009 Social Work Centre has conducted a census on the territory of the municipality in order to determine the status and needs of the members of Roma national minority. The census was implemented in cooperation with the Council of Ministers of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Ministry of Human Rights and Refugees with the goal to determine the situation in which members of Roma national minority live on the level of B&H, but also on the level of local communities as well. The data obtained is used to determine: Roma population, educational levels, employment levels, involvement and presence in social life of the local community, etc. Within that period, 130 Roma households were listed (410 household members). The census was made on the basis of individual visits to each household, insight in the socio-economical circumstances and available official documentation. The census was conducted on a voluntary basis, and certain number of households was not listed, because nobody was present at the official address or due to the reason that some households did not accept to provide information needed for the census (around 20 households). The result of the census were forwarded to authorized Ministry of Human Rights and Refugees of B&H for further processing and the development of a single database, while one copy of the set of completed forms is located in the Social Work Centre of Gradiška. The mentioned single database is still not functional and therefore only records from the documentation available at the Social Work Centre can be used. Considering the mentioned fact, we can conclude that socio-economic circumstances in which members of Roma national minority live within the Municipality exist and are already being used in the work of the Social Work Centre.
The Social Work Centre does not have the records on the number and social position of members of other national minorities, unless they are recorded as the users of a certain social care right from the jurisdiction of the Centre.
According to the records of the Department of Social Affairs within the Gradiška Municipal Administration, 4 associations of national minorities are active on the territory of the municipality:
|Association of Montenegrins and Friends „Luča“ of the Municipality of Gradiška – Established at the founding assembly on 11 November 2009 and started official work after the completion of court registration on 15 January 2010.Address: Majora Milana Tepića 5, Gradiška|
President of the Association: Tonko Janković
Tel/Fax: +387 51 825-101
|Association of Poles of the Municipality of Gradiška “Mak” – Established on 14 November 2010 and started official work after the completion of court registration on 13 March 2011Address: Župna kuća Ćelinovac bb, Gradiška|
President of the Association: Marija Buganik
Tel/Fax: +387 66 678 889
|Association of Ukranians of the Municipality of Gradiška “Verhovena” – Established on 04 December 2011Address: Cerovljani 45, Gradiška|
President of the Association: Danijela Leščen
Tel: +387 65 727 828
|Association of Roma of the Municipality of Gradiška – established on 05 October 2000.Address: Vi,dovdanska bb, Uglovnica 2, Gradiška|
President of the Association: Saša Mašić
Tel/Fax: +387 51 814 179